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UPPSC Syllabus 2023 Download PSC Pre Mains Syllabus

UPPSC Syllabus 2023 :

UPPSC had changed the PSC Exam Pattern from UPPSC Prelims 2018 onwards. In this article, you will get the latest UPPSC Exam Pattern and complete the Syllabus for Prelims and Mains 2023.

UPPSC Prelims Mains Exam 2023 :-

Uttar Pradesh Public Selection Commission (UPPSC) is the rightful authority to conduct the Provincial Civil Services Examination (PCS), officially known as the Combined State/ Upper Subordinate Services Examination to recruit the candidates for Group A and Group B in the administrative services of the state government. Can Download PSC Pre Mains Syllabus 2023

The UPPSC conducts the PCS Examination in three stages:-         

1. Prelims 2 Papers Objective type questions(MCQs)


2. Mains 8 Papers Essay/Descriptive type


3. Interview Personality Test  


UPSC IAS Test Series  2023 :-

Major Points of UPPSC New Exam Pattern

UPPSC PCS Exam Pattern has been changed. The important points of the UPPSC new Exam Pattern are given below:-

  1. The Interview will be for 100 marks
  2. Introduction of 0.33% negative marking in the Prelims Examination.
  3. The UPPSC Mains will have 4 General Study papers and only one optional subject (2 papers) along with the General Hindi paper and Essay.

UPPSC PSC Exam Pattern 2023 :-

The Aspirants can check the elaborated Exam Pattern of UPPSC given below:

Name of the Exam Type of the Exam/Time Marks
UPPSC Prelims Exam 2023 Paper-1: General Studies- I 150 Marks
Paper-2: General Studies-II (CSAT) 100 Marks
UPPSC Mains Exam General Hindi 150 Marks
Essay 150 Marks
General Studies-I 200 Marks
General Studies-II 200 Marks
General Studies-III 200 Marks
General Studies-IV 200 Marks
Optional Subject- Paper 1 200 Marks
Optional Subject- Paper 2 200 Marks
UPPSC Interview Personality Test 100 Marks

UPPSC PSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2023

The UPPSC PSC Exam Pattern for UPPSC Prelims is given in the table below:

Name of the Exam UPPSC PCS Preliminary Exam
Number of papers
  • Paper-1: General Studies-I
  • Paper-2: General Studies-II (CSAT)
Exam Duration


2 hours Each

  • Both papers are conducted on the same day;
  • Paper 1 – 9.30 AM – 11.30 AM
  • Paper 2 – 2.30 PM – 4.30 PM
Maximum Marks 200 Marks each
Number of questions
  • Paper 1: 150 Questions
  • Paper 2: 100 Questions
Type of Exam Offline (Pen-Paper) OMR Sheets
Nature of Questions Objective type
Negative Marking


  • As per the new UPPSC exam pattern, there will be 0.33% negative marking for every incorrect answer.
  • For example, if the maximum marks allotted for a question is 2, then answering it incorrectly would incur a penalty of 0.66 marks
  • There is no negative marking for leaving a question blank
  • Filling multiple circles on the OMR sheet for the same question would be treated as an incorrect answer

UPPSC Syllabus 2023 PCS Prelims Examination :-

UPPSC Prelims Syllabus Paper I

  1. Current events of National and International importance: On Current Events of National and International Importance, candidates will be expected to know about these.
  2. Indian History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern: In History emphasis should be on a broad understanding of social, economic, and political aspects of Indian History. In the Indian National Movement, the candidates are expected to have a synoptic view of the nature and character of the freedom movement, the growth of nationalism, and the attainment of Independence
  3. Indian and World Geography- Physical, Social, and Economic geography of India and the World: In World Geography only a general understanding of the subject will be expected. Questions on the Geography of India will relate to the Physical, Social & Economic Geography of India.
  4. Indian Governance and Polity: It covers details of Indian Polity, Economics, and Culture, questions will test knowledge of the country’s political system including Panchayati Raj, and Community Development, broad features of Economic policy in India, and Indian Culture Political System, Constitution, Public Policy, Panchayati Raj, Rights issues, etc.
  5. Social and Economic Development: Sustainable Development Poverty Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc. General Issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change- that do not require subject specialization.
    1. Environmental Ecology, Climate Change, and Biodiversity – general issues that do not require subject specialization: The questions will be in respect to problems, and relationship between Population, Environment and Urbanization. General Issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization, General awareness of the subject is expected from candidates.

UPPSC Prelims Syllabus: Paper 2

  1. Comprehension
  2. Interpersonal skills (including communication skills)
  3. Analytical Ability & Logical Reasoning
  4. Problem Solving & Decision Making
  5. General Mental Ability
  6. Elementary Mathematics (class X level – Algebra, Statistics, Geometry and Arithmetic):
  7. General English (Class X level)
  8. General Hindi (Class X level)

Read Also : UPSC IAS Syllabus 2023 Civil Services Exam Syllabus Prelims + Mains

UPPSC PSC Mains Exam Pattern :-

Candidates who qualified for the PCS Prelims exam will be called for the Mains exam. The marks of the mains exam will be considered for the final selection of the candidates. The UPPSC Mains Exam comprises of eight papers that are descriptive in nature. The UPPSC Mains Exam is a merit-deciding round; it holds a great weightage as it is of 1500 marks.

There are two major changes in the UPPSC main exam pattern.

  1. UPPSC does away with the objective type papers and re-introduced the descriptive type papers as in the past but with an increase in the number of papers.
  2. UPPSC introduced the ‘Ethics’ paper which was not there earlier.

Check the UPPSC Mains Exam Pattern given below.

Name of the Exam UPPSC PCS Mains Examination
Number of Papers 8 Papers

  1. General Hindi
  2. Essay
  3. General Studies-I
  4. General Studies-II
  5. General Studies-III
  6. General Studies-IV
  7. Optional Subject: Paper-I
  8. Optional Subject: Paper-II
Exam Duration 3 hours each

  • Papers will be conducted over a week’s duration;
  • Morning Session – 9:30 AM – 12:30 AM
  • Afternoon Session – 2:00 PM – 5:00 PM
Maximum Marks
  • General Hindi – 150 marks
  • Essay – 150 marks
  • All General Studies papers and Optional subject papers will be of 200 marks each
  • Total – 1500 marks
Exam Type Offline (pen-Paper)
Nature of Questions Essay/Descriptive type
Optional Subjects As per the new Exam Pattern, Aspirants have to select only one optional subject (2 papers) now, from the list given.

UPPSC Syllabus Optional Subjects 2023

The list of 34 optional PCS exam subjects for UPPSC Mains 2023 per the latest exam pattern:

Agriculture & Veterinary Science Arabic Lit. Zoology
Chemistry Hindi Lit. Statistics
Defense Studies Persian Lit. Physics
Management Sanskrit Lit. Mathematics
Political Science and International relations Geology Commerce and Accountancy
Geography psychology Economics
History Civil Engineering Public Administration
Social work Medical Science Sociology
Agricultural Engineering Philosophy Anthology
Mechanical Engineering Botany Electrical Engineering
Law English Lit. Animal Husbandry
Urdu Lit

UPPSC Syllabus PCS Mains Syllabus

The UPPSC Mains Exam comprises eight papers. The marks secured in the UPPSC PCS main exam are the deciding factor in the final selection.

UPPSC Syllabus for the Essay PCS exam paper

There will be three sections in the question paper for Candidates who will have to select an Essay. One topic from each section and they are required to write an essay in 700 words on each topic. In the three sections, the topics of the essay will be based on the following sphere:

  • Section A: Literature and Culture, Social sphere, Political sphere.
  • Section B: Science, Environment and Technology, Economic Sphere Agriculture, Industry, and Trade.
  • Section C: National and International Events, Natural Calamities, Landslide, Earthquakes, Deluge, Drought, etc. National Development programs and projects

Civil Service Syllabus for General Studies Paper 1 :-

  1. The history of Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  2. Modern Indian history (from A.D.1757 to A.D. 1947): Significant events, personalities, issues, etc.
  3. The Freedom Struggle- its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  4. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country (till 1965A.D.).
  5. The history of the world will include events from 18 century to the middle of the 20 century such as the French revolution of 1789, the industrial revolution, the World Wars, the redraw of national boundaries, Socialism, Nazism, Fascism etc-their forms and effects on the society.
  6. Salient features of Indian Society and culture.
  7. Role of Women in society and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems, and their remedies.
  8. Meaning of liberalization, privatization, and globalization and their effects on the economy, polity, and social structure.
  9. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  10. Distribution of major natural resources of the World- Water, Soils, and Forests in reference to South and South-East Asia with special reference to India. Factors responsible for the location of industries (with special reference to India).
  11. Salient features of Physical Geography- Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Cyclone, Ocean Currents, winds, and glaciers.
  12. Oceanic resources of India and their potential.
  13. The human migration-refugee problem of the World with a focus on India.
  14. Frontiers and boundaries with reference to the Indian subcontinent.
  15. Population and Settlements- Types and Patterns, Urbanization, Smart Cities and Smart Villages.

Syllabus for General Studies Paper 2 :

  1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure, Role of Supreme Court in the evolution of basic provisions of Constitution.
  2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States: issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels, and challenges therein.
  3. Role of Finance Commission in Centre-State financial relations.
  4. Separation of powers, dispute redressal mechanisms, and institutions. Emergence and use of alternative dispute redressal mechanisms.
  5. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other major democratic countries.
  6. Parliament and State legislatures- structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers and privileges, and concerning issues.
  7. Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary: Ministries and Departments of the Government, Pressure groups, and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. Public Interest Litigation (PIL).
  8. Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  9. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, Powers, functions, and responsibilities.
  10. Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies including NITI Aayog, their features, and functioning.
  11. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design, implementation, and Information Communication Technology (ICT).
  12. Development processes- the role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Self Help Groups (SHGs), various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  13. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes, mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  14. Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, and Human Resources.
  15. Issues relating to poverty and hunger, and their implication on the body politic.
  16. Important aspects of governance. Transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential, citizens, charters, and institutional measures.
  17. Role of Civil Services in a democracy in the context of emerging trends.
  18. India and its relationship with neighboring Countries.
  19. Bilateral, Regional, and Global groupings and agreements involving India and/ or affecting India’s interest.
  20. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests- Indian Diaspora.
  21. Important International Institutions, Agencies their structure, mandate, and functioning.
  22. Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh regarding Political, Administrative, Revenue, and Judicial Systems
  23. Current affairs and events of Regional, State, National, and International importance.

Syllabus for General Studies Paper 3 :

  1. Economic planning in India, objectives, and achievements. Role of NITI Aayog, Pursuit of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  2. Issues of Poverty, Unemployment, Social justice, and inclusive growth.
  3. Components of Government Budgets and Financial System.
  4. Major Crops, Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport, and marketing of agricultural produce, and e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  5. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices, Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping, issues of buffer stocks and food security, and Technology missions in agriculture.
  6. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  7. Land reforms in India since independence.
  8. Effects of liberalization and globalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy, and their effects on industrial growth.
  9. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.
  10. Science and Technology-developments and applications in everyday life and National Security, India’s Science and Technology Policy.
  11. Achievements of Indians in science & technology, indigenization of technology. Developments of New technologies transfer of technology, dual and critical use technologies.
  12. Awareness in the fields of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Space Technology, Computers, Energy resources, nanotechnology, microbiology, and biotechnology. Issues relating to intellectual property rights (IPR) and digital rights.
  13. Environmental security and Ecosystems, Conservation of Wildlife, Biodiversity, Environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment,
  14. Disaster as a Non-traditional security and safety challenge, disaster mitigation and management.
  15. Challenges of International Security: Issues of Nuclear proliferation, Causes and spread of extremism, Communication networks, the role of media and social networking, Basics of cyber security, money laundering, and human trafficking.
  16. India’s internal security challenges: Terrorism, corruption, insurgency, and organized crimes.
  17. The role, kind, and mandate of security forces, higher defense organizations in India18- Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh Economy: – Overview of UP Economy: State Budgets. Importance of Agriculture, Industry, Infrastructure, and physical resources. Human Resources and Skill development. Government Programs and Welfare Schemes.
  18. Issues in Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry, and Animal Husbandry.
  19. Law and Order and Civil Defense with special reference to U.P.

Syllabus for General Studies Paper 4 :

  1. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values-lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators, the role of family, society, and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  2. Attitude: Content, structure, function, its influence, and relation with thought and behavior, moral and political attitudes, social influence, and persuasion.
  3. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public services, empathy, tolerance, and compassion towards the weaker sections.
  4. Emotional Intelligence- concept and dimensions, its utility and application in administration and governance.
  5. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
  6. Public/Civil Service values and ethics in Public Administration: status and problems, ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance, accountability, and ethical governance, strengthening of moral values in governance, ethical issues in international relations and funding, corporate governance.
  7. Probity in Governance: the concept of public service, the philosophical basis of governance and probity, information sharing, and transparency in government. Right to Information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen’s charter, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public funds, and challenges of corruption.
  8. Case studies on the above issues.

UPPSC PCS Interview 

The UPPSC PCS Interview/Personality Test/Viva-Voce is held for the aspirants who clear the Main stage of the PCS Exam. The interview is for 100 marks and tests the general awareness, character, expression of power/personality, intelligence, and general suitability for the service.

  • The Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission has introduced changes in the PCS Interview. Earlier subject experts, IPS, and IAS officers would consist in the interview panel. Now officers like former judges, brigadiers, and eminent educationists will also be called for interview. This change has extended the scope of the interview board.
  • This change has been introduced to improve the process of the interview and raise the level of interviews. It has also been decided that there must be at least 2 members on the panel of the Interview Board.

Read Other Exam Syllabus :-




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