HomeDaily Current AffairsBudget 2023 Highlights: PDF Download with Key Pointers & Summary

Budget 2023 Highlights: PDF Download with Key Pointers & Summary

Budget 2023 Highlights: PDF Download with Key Pointers & Summary

Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Union Budget 2023, the fifth budget of Modi 2.0 on Wednesday. In the last full-fledged Budget before the general elections next year, Nirmala Sitharaman said that the Indian economy is on the right path and heading towards a bright future. In a boost to taxpayers and the economy, Sitharaman announced major changes in tax slabs under the new tax regime and a big boost for railways and capital expenditure.

Here are key highlights of Budget 2023:Five major announcements for Income Tax payer:

  • No changes in the old tax regime
  • New tax regime to become the default tax regime
  • No tax on income up to Rs 7 lakh a year in new tax regime
  • Government proposes to increase income tax rebate limit from Rs 5 lakh to Rs 7 lakh in new tax regime
  • Government proposes to reduce highest surcharge rate from 37% to 25% in new tax regime

New slabs under new tax regimes

Rs 0-3 lakh : Nil

Rs 3-6 lakhs: 5%

Rs 6-9 lakhs: 10%

Rs 9-12 lakhs: 15%

Rs 12-15 lakhs: 20%

Rs Over 15 lakhs: 30%

  • Government proposes to cap deductions from capital gains on investments in residential houses to Rs 10 crore
  • An individual with annual income of Rs 9 lakh will have to pay only Rs 45,000 in taxes: FM Sitharaman
  • An individual with income of Rs 15 lakh will have to pay Rs 1.5 lakh tax, down from Rs 1.87 lakh under new tax structure
  • An individual with income of Rs 15 lakh will have to pay Rs 1.5 lakh tax down from Rs 1.87 lakh under new tax structure: FM
  • No tax for income up to Rs 3 lakh; 5 pc tax on Rs 3-6 lakh; highest tax rate of 30 pc on income above Rs 15 lakh under new I-T regime: FM

Indirect Taxes:

  • 16% increase in NCCD on certain cigarettes
  • 45% of tax refunds were processed within 24 hours. The taxpayer portal received maximum of 72 lakh returns a day: Sitharaman
  • New cooperatives that commence manufacturing till March, 2024 to get lower tax rate of 15%
  • Basic customs duty on crude, glycerine is proposed to be reduced to 2.5%.
  • Propose to increase import duty on silver bars to align it with gold, platinum
  • Extend customs duty cut on imports of parts of mobile phones by 1 year
  • To promote value addition in the manufacturing of TVs, customs duty on open cells of TV panels reduced to 2.5%
  • Relief provided on Customs Duty on import of certain parts & inputs like camera lens & continue the concessional duty on lithium-ion cells for batteries for another year

Fiscal position:

  • I reiterate my intention to bring the fiscal deficit below 4.5% of GDP by 2025-26: FM
  • FM Sitharaman retains fiscal deficit target of 6.4 pc in the Revised Estimate for FY23; cuts it to 5.9% for FY24
  • Gross market borrowing seen at Rs 15.43 lakh cr in FY24
  • Net market borrowing in FY24 seen at Rs 11.8 lakh crore
  • FY23 net tax receipts revised estimate stands at Rs 20.9 lakh crore
  • FY23 total expenditure revised estimate stands at Rs 41.9 lakh crore
  • FY23 revised estimate of total receipts other than borrowing at Rs 24.3 lakh crore.
  • FY24 net tax receipts seen at Rs 23.3 lakh crore.

Saving schemes:

  • Maximum deposit limit for Senior Citizen Savings Scheme to be enhanced to Rs 30 lakh from Rs 15 lakh
  • Monthly Income Scheme limit doubled to Rs 9 lakh and Rs 15 lakh for joint accounts
  • One-time new saving scheme Mahila Samman Saving Certificate for women to be made available for 2 years up to 2025.

MSME:

  • Revamped credit guarantee for MSMEs to take effect from Apr 1, 2023 with infusion of Rs 9,000 crore in corpus
  • New credit guarantee scheme for MSMEs to reduce cost of credit by 1 percentage point

Banking:

  • Government moots amendments to Banking Regulation Act to improve governance in banks

Skill training:

  • Government will launch Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 4.0
  • To skill the youth for international opportunities, 30 Skill India International Centers will be set up across different States.

Clean Energy:

  • Rs 35,000 crores priority capital for the energy transition
  • Green credit programme will be notified under the Environment Protection Act
  • Battery storage to get viability gap funding.
  • Government to support setting up of battery energy storage of 4,000 MwH
  • National Green Hydrogen mission with an outlay of Rs 19,700 crore will facilitate the transition of the economy to low carbon intensity, reduce dependence on fossil fuel imports and make the country assume technology and market leadership

Gems and Jewellery:

  • To encourage the indigenous production of lab-grown diamonds, a research and development grant is to be provided to one of the IITs for five years
  • Proposal to review customs duty of lab-grown diamonds to be included in Part-B of Budget document

Aviation:

  • 50 additional airports, helipods, water aero drones, advanced landing grounds will be revived to improve regional air connectivity:

Railways gets massive boost:

  • An outlay of Rs 2.4 lakh crore provided for railways in FY24. It’s the highest ever highest ever allocation for Railways and is nearly nine times over FY14 allocations.

Ease of Doing Business:

  • PAN as common identifier for all digital systems of government agencies
  • One stop solution for reconciliation and updating identity maintained by various agencies to be established using digi locker and Aadhaar as foundational identity
  • Central Processing Centre to be set up for faster response to companies filing forms under Companies Act
  • For business establishments required to have Permanent Account Number, the PAN will be used as a common identifier for all Digital Systems of specified government agencies.
  • More than 39,000 compliances have been reduced and over 3,400 legal provisions decriminalised to enhancing ease of doing business
  • Finance Minister announces multiple measures to enhance business activity in GIFT City

Digital services:

  • Scope of services in DigiLocker to be expanded
  • 100 labs for developing applications to use 5G services to be set up in engineering institutions
  • Labs will cover smart classrooms, precision farming, and healthcare applications.
  • Phase 3 of E-courts projects to be launched with outlay of Rs 7,000 crore
  • Leading industry players will partner to developing, providing scalable options for health, agriculture and other sectors

Urban Development:

  • Government to spend Rs 10,000 crore per year for urban infra development fund
  • Cities to be incentivized to improve creditworthiness for municipal bonds
  • Aim for 100% mechanical desludging of septic’s tanks and sewers in all cities and towns

Housing:

  • Outlay for PM Awaas Yojana enhanced 66% to over Rs 79,000 crore

Capex hiked 33%

  • Capital Expenditure increased 33 percent to Rs 10 lakh crore, which would be 3.3% of GDP, says FM
  • Capital investment outlay to be 3.3% of GDP in FY24
  • Effective capital expenditure of Centre at Rs 13.7 lakh in FY24

Interest-free loan to states to continue:

  • Centre to continue 50-year interest-free loan to state governments for one more year

Digital Library for Children, Adolescents Set Up:

  • National Digital library will be set up for children and adolescents
  • National Book Trust, Children’s Book Trust to replenish non-curricular titles in regional languages, English to digital libraries.
  • States to be encouraged to set up physical libraries for them at panchayat and ward levels and provide infrastructure for accessing the National Digital Library resources

Education:

  • Three centers of excellence for artificial intelligence to be set up in top educational institutions.
  • 157 new nursing colleges will be established in colocation with the existing 157 medical colleges established since 2014.
  • Eklavaya Model Residential Schools to be set up in the next 3 years. The Centre will recruit 38,800 teachers and support staff for 740 schools serving 3.5 lakh tribal students.

Agriculture:

  • An Agriculture Accelerator Fund will be set up to encourage agriculture-startups by young entrepreneurs
  • Digital public infrastructure to be developed for the agriculture sector
  • The agricultural credit target will be increased to Rs 20 lakh crores with a focus on animal husbandry, dairy and fisheries
  • Over the next 3 years, one crore farmers will get assistance to adopt natural farming.
    10,000 bio input resource centers will be set up

Fisheries: 

  • To launch sub-scheme under PM Mastya Sampada Yojna with outlay of Rs 6,000 crore to further enable activities of fishermen
  • Indian Institute of Millet Research will be supported as a centre of excellence
  • Have initiated computerisation for 63,000 primary agricultural credit societies with an investment of Rs 2,516 crore, says FM.
  • In drought-prone central regions of Karnataka, central assistance of Rs 5,300 crore to be given to upper Badra project to provide sustainable micro-irrigation

Tribal Welfare:

  • Pradhan Mantri Primitive Vulnerable Tribal Group (PMPVTGS) mission is been launched to improve the socio-economic condition on PMPVTGS
  • To improve the social-economic condition of the Particularly Tribal Groups, PMPBTG Development mission will be launched, to saturate PBTG habitations with basic facilities. Rs 15,000 cr to be made available to implement the scheme in next 3 years

Budget follows seven priorities:

  1. Inclusive development
  2. Inclusive development
  3. Reaching the last mile
  4. Infra & investment
  5. Unleashing the potential
  6. Green growth
  7. Youth and financial sector

Aims of Budget 2023 to include:

  1. Facilitating ample opportunities for citizens, especially youth
  2. Providing strong impetus to growth and job creation
  3. Strengthening macro-economic stability
  4. To aim for the empowerment of women in Budget 2023
  5. To enable women’s self-help groups to reach the next stage of economic empowerment
  6. To help self-help groups with raw material supply, branding, and marketing of products

Tourism:

  • Promotion of tourism will be taken up on mission mode with the active participation of states, the convergence of Government programs & public-private partnerships.
  • 50 tourist destinations will be selected through challenge mode to be developed as a whole package for domestic and international tourism
  • States will be encouraged to set up a ‘Unity Mall’ in the State capital or the most popular tourist destination in the state for the promotion and sale of ‘One District, One product’ and GI products and other handicraft
  • The country offers immense attraction for domestic as well as foreign tourists. There is a large potential to be tapped in tourism. The sector holds huge opportunities for jobs and entrepreneurship for youth in particular.

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